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Dhouha Bouchaala

Investigation of Current Excitation for Personal Health and Biological Tissues Monitoring

Autor: Dhouha Bouchaala

ISBN: 978-3-944640-96-9

Seitenzahl: 146

Erscheinungsdatum: 01.09.2016

 

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Produktinformationen "Investigation of Current Excitation for Personal Health and Biological Tissues Monitoring"

ioimpedance spectroscopy is very useful in biomedical field as a safe and non-invasive technique. A stable and safe excitation current below than 0.5 mA for load impedances changing from 100 Ω to 10 kΩ in the full β-dispersion range from kHz up to 1 MHz is a big challenge for the design of the current source addressed by this thesis. For a good stability and high accuracy, the source should have a high output impedance. Different current source types in “current-mode approach” and “voltage-mode approach” were investigated and compared for usability in bioimpedance measurement systems. The “voltage-mode approach” with grounded load was proven to be more suitable and stable for biomedical measurements. Thereby the Tietze and the Howland circuit in dual configuration with negative feedback have shown the lowest error of the output current and the highest output impedance, where the improved Howland circuit in dual configuration with negative feedback is preferred because it has a simple structure, high accuracy and good stability. We suggest to improve the stability of the Howland circuit in dual configuration with negative feedback by introducing compensated operational amplifiers and to reduce stray capacitances at higher frequencies by adding gain compensation capacitor. We reach thereby an accuracy of 0.5% at low frequency and 0.9% at 1 MHz. With the realized accuracy of the designed voltage controlled current source, one decisive prerequisite for portable bioimpedance measurement system is achieved. In order to select the appropriate excitation signals for short measurement time, a comparative study of signals and their parameters was carried out. It leads to the selection of binary chirp signal as a suitable excitation signal due to its short measurement time about 100 μs, low crest factor lower than 2.8 and an energy efficiency higher than 54% in a very noisy signal. Simulation results show that the designed enhanced Howland current source excited by the binary chirp signal has low error and flatness in the whole range.
 

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